Female genital mutilation/cutting (fgm/c) refers to all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. Facts and statistics we don't know how many girls and women are affected by, or at risk of, female genital mutilation (fgm) in the uk however, we can look at what we know about fgm in other countries and use it to estimate the scale of the problem here. Female genital mutilation and cutting is a violation of the basic rights of women and girls, said carol bellamy, executive director of the un's children's agency (unicef), on february 7 2005. Stopping female genital mutilation has been a global priority for years but the bbc's anne soy has been speaking to a group of women in kenya who support fgm, as it's often referred to.
The effects of cutting on the children do seem to me much worse for the girls than for the boys, but the reason for cutting seems to me to be equally custom-bound and irrational in the two cases. Female genital mutilation (fgm), also known as female genital cutting and female circumcision, is the ritual cutting or removal of some or all of the external female genitalia the practice is found in africa, asia and the middle east, and within communities from countries in which fgm is common. 0 shutterstock / valery sidelnykov although many people are taught that differences in male and female behavior are solely due to culture, science suggests a biological basis for many of these differences.
Female genital mutilation (fgm) has been an age long practice in africa why this is done for several cultural reasons, civilisation and enlightenment have been able to prove that it holds more harm than good for the girl child. Female genital mutilation (fgm) is a procedure where the female genitals are deliberately cut, injured or changed, but where there's no medical reason for this to be done it's also known as female circumcision or cutting, and by other terms such as sunna, gudniin, halalays, tahur, megrez and khitan, among others. Female genital mutilation can also be called female genital cutting or female circumcisionalthough the practice predates the birth of islam, it has taken on a dimension of the religion.
Different cultures and tribes (even in kenya) have their own bent/reasons for fgm but the effects on the girl are basically the same it's worse for the girl. Female genital mutilation comprises all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons (who, unicef, unfpa, 1997. Different communities and cultures have different reasons for practicing fgm/c the reasons are often complex and can change over time 4 social acceptability is the most common reason families often feel pressure to have their daughter cut so she is accepted by their community. Islamic female circumcision and fgm are altogether two different things with different effects female circumcision involves removing the skin (prepuce) around the clitoris, which enhances, not curbs women's sexuality. The problem with only using the term female genital mutilation is that technically, if one is going to use a term that suggests the mutilation of one's sexual organs, male genital mutilation would be just as appropriate considering type 1 female circumcision and the common male circumcision procedure are very similar.
It is difficult to discuss this issue globally, the situation is different in different cultures, discussions should be focused, in my opinion about the difference between male and female circumcisions, this will be helpful tool to fight against fgm, the difference between both sex is not only anatomical but it is also embryologically and. Quote: why are there different terms to describe fgm, such as female genital cutting and female circumcision the terminology used for this procedure has gone through various changes when the practice first came to international attention, it was generally referred to as female circumcision (in eastern and northern africa, this term is. The use of circumcision for medical or health reasons is an issue that continues to be debated such as your culture, religion, and personal preference, will also be involved in your decision. Female genital mutilation (or female genital cutting), comprises all surgical procedures involving partial or total removal of the external genitalia or other injuries to the female genital organs for cultural or other non-therapeutic reasons.
Fast facts on female genital mutilation the practice is carried out for social, religious, and cultural reasons there are varying types of fgm, ranging in severity. Such considerations could explain why it is practiced in multiple other cultures around the world that live in such conditions in each instance, the original practical reason became lost as the ritual persisted as a religious rite in many of the various cultures of the world. 1 world health organization (who), khartoum seminar on traditional practices affecting the health of women and children, khartoum, sudan, 1979 2 organization of african unity, african charter on the rights and welfare of the child, 1990, article 24(3. Shell-duncan: different ethnic groups do it differently among the rendille, they do it as part of the first part of the ceremony among the rendille, they do it as part of the first part of the.
Female genital mutilation occurs in non-muslim societies in africa and is practiced by christians, muslims and animists alike in egypt, where perhaps 97 percent of girls suffer genital mutilation, both christian copts and muslims are complicit. First, female genital cutting is performed for different reasons at different times in different cultures likewise for male genital cutting contrary to common wisdom, however, it is not the case that fgc is uniformly about the control of female sexuality. Whilst the 2008 who definition includes all procedures involving injury to the female genital organs for nonmedical reasons, there are different health and psychological consequences of the different types of fgm/c 5 the particular and specific meanings, beliefs, myths, and their associated practices vary between regions, localities, and. Female genital cutting/mutilation (fgc/m) causes serious injury to millions of young women every year fgc is the removal of all or part of the young woman's genitalia for non-medical reasons it is most prevalent in parts of west, east, and northeast africa, though also practiced in asia, the middle east and the immigrant populations of north.
There are many reasons for perpetuation of this practice, the most common are cultural and religious beliefs although often associated with islam, it is also practiced by other religious groups, including christians. Cultural relativism can explain why those people do those things but fgm causes girls and women excruciating pain, brings risk of serious side-effects, can lead to a lifetime of health problems, and interfere with a woman's ability to engage in sexual relations. Fgm/c refers to cutting and other procedures that injure female genital organs for non-medical reasons it may be called female circumcision in some parts of the world the practice has no health benefits and can lead to a range of serious physical and mental health problems the us.