A particularly noteworthy example of such a coromantee-chief-led rebellion is tacky's rebellion on jamaica in 1760 tacky led slaves around the island to revolt, murdering a shopkeeper on easter morning and stealing guns, gunpowder, and other necessary supplies. In the christmas/sam sharpe rebellion of 1831, slaves destroyed the house and it was left in ruins for over a century john rollins, a wealthy american, bought the property in 1966, and restored the house to its former grandeur. A different kind of revolt called the baptist war occurred in jamaica in 1831 sam sharpe, a black baptist lay preacher, perceived that free paper had come but the government was concealing it from the slaves. The jamaica slave rebellion of 1831 mary reckord university of alberta edmonton search for other works by this author on: oxford academic google scholar.
The 1831 christmas rebellion started in st james and spread throughout the entire island the rebellion started on december 28 and lasted 8 days sam sharpe was eventually captured and hung at the parade in montego bay (now renamed sam sharpe square. Conflict over christmas vacation allowances provided a short-term cause for the rebellion up to 1830 slaves had been allowed three days off work, but in 1831 this was reduced to two days. Sharpe, born in the parish of st james, and named after his master, is also a folk figure he is known for his pivotal role in the 1831 christmas rebellion on the kensington estate a rebellion credited as instrumental to full emancipation in 1838. The sam sharpe christmas rebellion, also known as the baptist war and the great jamaican slave revolt, was an uprising by approximately 60,000 slaves in jamaica that took place between december 25, 1831 and january 4, 1832, arising from discontent among baptist slaves that emancipation from slavery had not been granted from england as had been.
Part ii of revolutionary jamaica (coming wednesday) will look at the immediate post-emancipation period as part of a counter-revolutionary process, implemented to reassert elite power, and also examines revolutionary challenges to the post-emancipatory status quo, namely the morant bay rebellion. Servile insurrection 1831 emancipation rebellion (aka christmas rebellion) the english settlers concerned themselves with growing crops that could easily be sold in england. The rebellion, which started in december, 1831, was timed to have maximum impact, as sharpe knew that if the ripe cane was not cut it would be ruined sharpe suggested that the enslaved people did not go back to work after their three day christmas holiday.
This was a feature of the 1816 bussa rebellion on barbados and the 1831 christmas rebellion in jamaica led by sam sharpe the most important of all the slave rebellions was the revolution that occurred in the french colony of st domingue in 1791. One of jamaica's national heroes, rev sam sharpe, after whom montego bay's city square is named, is celebrated for his leadership role in the famous christmas rebellion of slaves in 1831, a few years before emancipation. Jamaica's biggest slave revolt broke out immediately after christmas 1831 and lasted for ten days about 50,000 slaves took part they attacked over 225 estates and caused damage totalling over £1 million. Occurred during the christmas season of 1831 was an important step in jamaica's abolition of slavery 2 the slaves involved in this rebellion were the adherents to baptist and other christian missions. The christmas rebellion was as a result of the slaves believing that their freedom was granted by the queen of england and the plantations owners hiding it from them.
I would rather die upon yonder gallows, than live in slavery inspirational words from an enslaved man, a baptist deacon, a freedom fighter and the main instigator of the 1831 slave rebellion in jamaica which was instrumental in bringing about the abolition of slavery. Sam sharpe or christmas rebellion 1831 planning his plan was originally one of passive resistance, where the workers would refuse to work on christmas day unless they received pay and their grievances about working conditions were acknowledged. The rebellion began at the height of the sugar cane season as a peaceful protest demanding better working conditions samuel sharpe, an enslaved baptist preacher, led the protests.
The christmas rebellion or the baptist war year:1831 samuel sharpe was a slave throughout his life, though he was allowed to become a well- educated baptist deacon. What are the main causes of the jamaica revolt in 1831what are the main causes of the jamaica revolt in 1831. Civil unrests - particularly the sam sharpe-led christmas rebellion in 1831, participated in by runaway slaves - created an urgent need for a law force that could help bring about public order as noted by the first lasco top cop of 2002, deputy superintendent of police nadine grant-brown, jamaica's earliest records of constables was in 1671.
In 1831 samuel sharpe led a christmas day general strike for wages and better working conditions after the strikers' demands were ignored, however, the strike turned to open rebellion by tens of thousands of slaves, who looted and burned plantations into january 1832 before being defeated by british troops. The jamaica christmas rebellion impending emancipation, abolition of the transatlantic trade in captured africans in 1807, amelioration of enslavement conditions in 1823 and the publicity that was given to the anti- slavery society created a charged environment, particularly, in the british caribbean.
As late as 1832, the rebellion known as the 'baptist war' or emancipation rebellion (1831-2) on the island of jamaica resulted in the killing of 200 slaves in battle and the execution of 344 more. The christmas rebellion (1831-2) this uprising in jamaica was the largest in the caribbean in terms of the number of enslaved people involved, illustrating that slavery could not be sustained in jamaica. The baptist war, also known as the christmas rebellion, the christmas uprising and the great jamaican slave revolt of 1831-32, was an eleven-day rebellion that started on 25 december 1831 and involved up to 60,000 of the 300,000 slaves in jamaica.